Wednesday, 16 November 2016

Subarachnoid Hemorrhage Treatment

The subarachnoid space is the space where the cerebrospinal fluid circulates and is responsible for protecting the brain from serious injuries by helping as a cushion. Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is known as bleeding within the subarachnoid space which is the area between the brain and tissues that cover the brain. Any kind of injury in the subarachnoid space might cause stroke, paralysis and even sudden death.
Symptoms of Subarachnoid Hemorrhage (SAH):
During the SAH development, it gives several symptoms. The main symptom is sudden onset of a severe headache at the skull base. Some people will have popping sensation in the head before the start of SAH. Other SAH symptoms are
  • Nausea, vomiting
  • Shoulder pain, Neck pain
  • Confusion, irritability
  • Light sensitivity, decreased vision
  • Alertness loss
  • Numbness in the entire body
  • Seizures

Causes of SAH
The causes of SAH arise from various factors. The main causes are said to be
  • Bleeding disorders
  • Berry aneurysm (an aneurysm is an abnormality in the brain arteries)
  • Usage of blood thinners
  • Bleeding from an arteriovenous malformation
  • Weakening of artery or a balloon-like bulge that ruptures and releases blood into the subarachnoid space around the brain (Aneurysm)
  • Brain injury
Subarachnoid Hemorrhage Diagnosis:
During the physical examination, SAH is mostly detected. The patient may be found with a vision problem and stiff neck. To know more about the hemorrhage severity some tests will be prescribed by the neurosurgeon to give the patient a proper treatment.
  • Computerized tomography (CT) is followed with contrast dye procedure to get a precise conclusion
  • MRI scans provide detailed brain images
  • A transactional ultrasound that detects the blood flow in the arteries within the brain
  • In Cerebral angiography, X-rays are taken with injected dye to detect the brain blood flow
Subarachnoid Hemorrhage Treatment:
Instant treatment will save the life and prevent the possibility of brain damage.
  • To stop the bleeding surgery is performed to clip the aneurysm
  • After clipping the aneurysm, a craniotomy is performed to close the aneurysm. Endovascular technique may be used to reduce the risk of further bleeding
  • If SAH causes coma, the patient is supported with artificial ventilation, placing draining tube in the brain to relieve pressure
  • If the patient does not lose consciousness strict instruction will be given by the doctor to get relieved from brain pressure
  • Medications may be prescribed for relieving severe headache, regulating blood pressure through intravenous, preventing seizures.
Gurukripa Advanced Neuro Care Institute in Noida offers various kinds of treatments and surgeries for brain and all neurological problems. Dr. Manish is a renowned Neurosurgeon in India, who has performed thousands of surgeries and offers state-of-art treatment to cure the patients successfully.

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